Corruption and democracy essay


Against Corruption: a collection of essays -

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But the political parties are provoking Musharraf to declare emergency, leading to authoritarian rule. It is befitting for any right thinking person to applaud him. World needs more like him. In slamming Musharraf for the sacking of a corrupt CJ, the Indian media have in fact done disservice to Indo-Pakistan neighborhood and friendship, which has been progressing thanks mainly to the stewardship of Musharraf, the general.

Or, perhaps that is exactly what the Indian media want so badly, so that the ongoing Peace process could be halted? Yes you are absolutely right when you state that our democracy is at stake in a country as corrupted as ours. I strongly agree with you. We must stand united against corruption. We should do everything in our power to eradicate corruption.

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Search Member Search Keyword. Creative General Democracy and Corruption in India. Democracy and Corruption in India. The great thinkers spread ideas of democracy and freedom with a view to establishing a. Corruption undermines economic development by generating considerable distortions and inefficiency.

Political parties in West as well as East, with no exceptions, thrive in corrupt politics and democracy provides convenient platforms for making as much wealth as it would be possible in a given situation.

Russian President's anti-corruption drive in Russia is badly criticized in the US and West for obvious reasons : their own company interests are also affected. When the CJ of a military regime could be so bold as to misuse his position for the benefit of his kith and kin, the condition in other types of countries, like so-called democracies, could be better left to imaginative power of thinkers. There has been quite hue and cry over the removal of the CJP in India too, of course for its own reasons.

Indian democracy can at best be funny because it allows corrupt politicians and bureaucrats to stay on in power by using judiciary. Years ago, Lalu Prasad was removed by court orders from chief-ministership of Bihar on corruption charges, enabling his wife to come to power, but he could become a cabinet minister for Federal government controlling a huge ministry of railways which as the largest public sector undertaking transacts worth crores of rupees every day and employs maximum number of persons in the country.

No political party is above luster and no body enters politics if that were not to benefit them foremost. If one goes deeply in every member of State Assembly and Indian Parliament, a panoramic scene about nexus between democracy and corruption emerges and which would be threatening to any real believer in welfare of people.


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As politicians, bureaucrats, police and judges perform so meanness and money-minded, ably shielded by the loyal media run by wealthy magnets whose only concern seems to enlarge their establishments with the support of these "national" personalities, corruption is the net result. Musharraf is known for his fight against corruption. JNU, New Delhi. All Comments 1. Topic Related Articles. Leading global advocacy organisations such as ONE have even made efforts to quantify the cost of graft in lives McNair et al. As the recent FIFA scandal has demonstrated, unconstrained corruption also threatens valued cultural institutions and traditions that we all hold dear.

This means we are at a critical juncture. It calls for a renewed global partnership against corruption to match, and even exceed, the concentrated and successful advocacy that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall. The new push needs to identify, disrupt and delegitimise the global networks of corruption in money laundering; terrorism finance; drug, people and environmental trafficking; and other illicit activities.

This requires new global partnerships that target the information-era entities and domiciles that these networks rely on. They may be offshore tax havens or low-compliance jurisdictions where the ever-expanding raft of international regulations aimed at dealing with graft and illicit flows have limited currency.

To be fully effective, however, this reinvigoration of the rule of law must go hand in hand with action to create a cultural climate in which the corrupt — the thieves — are shamed for what they do. Indeed, effecting change in the culture and traditions — which inform what is acceptable behaviour — is perhaps even more important in societies where legal institutions based on the Western model are nascent, or where their existence is being energetically contested, as it is in important parts of the developing world.

The release by WikiLeaks of US diplomatic cables in was a controversial episode of unofficial transparency and a powerful interrupter to the global status quo regarding corruption in relations between nation-states. It revealed the corrupt practices that ruling elites are capable of to the growing youth populations of regions such as the Middle East. The reverberations of this are still being felt.

Across Latin America and in the developed world, revelations of inappropriate, corrupt and unethical behaviour by leaders — in both the private and corporate sectors — have created a level of criticism from the public that is unprecedented in some countries. Presidents have been forced to step down and others turned into lame ducks while still in office by dramatic mass expressions of discontent boosted by social media. In this sense the change has already begun — untidily, noisily, chaotically and even bloodily — in many places.

The outcome is uncertain. But, in the long term, it will be dramatically different from the status quo. In addition to institutions such as an International Anti- Corruption Court as a further step towards increasing transparency, strengthening enforcement and securing restitution, the tools of visa revocations, personalised financial sanctions and more harmonised extradition mechanisms could actually be cheaper and more effective in tackling corruption than prosecutions — which are always tortuous.

However, for these measures to enjoy legitimacy around the world, they must be applied, and be seen to apply, with equal force across the different regions of both the developed and developing world. To conclude, a successful international anti-corruption campaign requires co-operation on a global scale and specific legal measures that help transform attitudes towards corruption and the ability to prosecute the corrupt. Although it may take longer, embedding a culture of social sanction and censure for anyone found guilty of engaging in, facilitating or condoning corrupt activity, even to the extent that those holding office lose public trust, would support these measures.

They need to be seen as bobolu. They need to feel the social stigma when they attend family gatherings, visit the golf club or step into the supermarket — as much to set an example to others as to punish the individual, impressing on the whole community that corruption will not be tolerated. John has been involved in anti-corruption research, advisory work and activism in Kenya, Africa and the wider international community for 19 years.

This includes work in civil society, media, government and the private sector. Cassin, R. FCPA Blog. Kar, D. Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: — McNair, D. The Trillion Dollar Scandal Study. London: ONE.


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  • January The CleanGovBiz Initiative. The Risk Advisory Group. The Compliance Horizon Survey. Transparency International. Corruption Perceptions Index — Lesotho. Transparency International and Afrobarometer.

    Corruption in India

    Berlin: Transparency International. The early spring of saw thousands of angry people on the streets of Chisinau, capital of the tiny Republic of Moldova. Investigations are ongoing. We believe that the citizens of Moldova were victims of a transnational web of corruption, benefiting politicians and criminals who used complex multi-layered company structures to conceal both their identities and their activities.

    Regrettably, this story is not unique. The power of these crime groups stems primarily from their ability to operate with ease across national frontiers. They complete a detailed risk assessment at the country level and then choose the least vulnerable approach to conduct their illicit activities, whether in narcotics, refugee trafficking or the massive money laundering exercises that follow such crimes. The problem for national law enforcement is that, by definition, it cannot follow this type of crime easily or quickly across borders.

    Data exchanges between states and law enforcement agencies take time. Modern crime schemes are designed to have very short lives to avoid detection, lasting sometimes just months before the associated companies and bank accounts are wound up and replaced by new ones.

    Short essay on is corruption the price of Democracy

    Yet alongside the advantages available for criminals of operating on this global scale, making it inherently harder to track them down, there are also disadvantages that the clever journalist or law enforcement official can exploit to expose them. So how do we do this? How do we stop criminal gangs and the corrupt politicians they rely on — conducting business as usual?

    Firstly, I will argue, through data: more data means more transparency, provided the quality of information is there and supported by tools that allow proper analysis. Secondly, by journalists using advanced investigative techniques, including the emerging discipline of data journalism, to identify the patterns and practices inherent in corrupt activity.

    Opaque systems allow them to thrive. And some of them go to great lengths to disguise their wrongdoing, using financial and company structures that span the world. Such criminal schemes are designed by creative and intelligent, if misguided, people.

    Some of them could have been the next Steve Jobs, but found crime more appealing. For years, from the early s, Russian, Ukrainian, Romanian and many other Eastern European mobsters and politicians were using Cyprus as a place to hide their activities behind labyrinthine corporate structures. It reached the point where Cyprus, with a population of little more than one million, became one of the main investors in Eastern and Central Europe.

    Not all of these investors were criminal enterprises as many used Cyprus for tax optimisation purposes.

    Democracy and Corruption in India | Sulekha Creative

    But there is hardly a country in the region — from the former Yugoslavia to Russia and beyond — where Cyprus-based companies were not involved in huge, rigged privatisation scandals. In , when Cyprus joined the European Union EU and started opening databases, including a registry of locally based companies, things began to change. Investigative reporters began combing through millions of records and, in many instances, came across the names of beneficial owners the real owners of the company — who thought they were sheltered from public scrutiny.

    Politicians and criminals were caught off guard and exposed in press articles that led to arrests and resignations. Their past misdemeanours made future involvement in business problematic. However, they started fighting back almost immediately, substituting their names in company documents with those of professional proxies — usually Cypriot lawyers who would lend their name to just about anyone who wanted to conceal their identity. In addition to this, the Cyprus registry is relatively expensive to use and searchable only by company name.

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